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Monday, April 13, 2020 | History

3 edition of Afforestation experience in the Nordic countries found in the catalog.

Afforestation experience in the Nordic countries

Finn Helles

Afforestation experience in the Nordic countries

  • 276 Want to read
  • 28 Currently reading

Published by Nordic Council of Ministers in Copenhagen .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Scandinavia.
    • Subjects:
    • Afforestation -- Scandinavia.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby Finn Helles and Michael Linddal.
      SeriesNORD,, 1996:15, NORD (Series) ;, 1996:15.
      ContributionsLinddal, Michael.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsSD409 .H365 1996
      The Physical Object
      Pagination159 p. :
      Number of Pages159
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL416496M
      ISBN 109291208833
      LC Control Number98119841
      OCLC/WorldCa37620175

      The other high latitude countries are Canada (score 17) and Russia (score 35). Thus, the message from EPI seems to be that there is deforestation and unsustainable forestry in the north! These scores were based on the interpretation of satellite remote sensing results presented in a scientific article (Hansen et al ) published in Science. The Nordic network ERMOND, Ecosystem Resilience for Mitigation of Natural Disasters, reviewed information on natural hazards and ecosystem conditions in .


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Afforestation experience in the Nordic countries by Finn Helles Download PDF EPUB FB2

Afforestation: Policies, Planning, and Progress. Afforestation in India: dimensions of evaluation. Afforestation Experience in the Nordic Countries. 24 History of afforestation in the Nordic countries industry, the primary aim was to build up resources for the timber industry and to have a positive in uence on rural development.

The Nordic countries include Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark, which range from lat. 54° in southern Denmark to lat. 72° at North Cape, Norway. This region is dominated by the. Plantation forestry at a global or semi-global scale has been the subject of a number of recent reviews (eg Carrere and LohmannEvansKanowski et alMatherPandeySargent and BassSavill and EvansShell/WWF ).File Size: KB.

Thanks for the A2A. According to Wiki: > Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees in an area where there was no previous tree cover. Reforestation is the reestablishment of forest cover, either naturally (by natural seedin.

The Nordic project AFFORNORD studied the effects of afforestation on ecosystems, landscape and rural development in the years – Forests play a major role in the environment and economy of the Nordic countries.

In historical times, extensive areas in the southern and western part of the Nordic region were deforestated, followed by. Helles F., Linddal M. (): Afforestation experience in the Nordic countries: Executive summary of a scientific report.

Copenhagen: Department of Economics and Natural Resources, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University. Google ScholarCited by: 2.

The term "afforestation" is most often used in conjunction with discussions of carbon sequestration, which is the process by which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. While afforestation can restore previously forested areas and help to remove carbon dioxide, it can have detrimental effects on species diversity and agriculture profits.

countries will be able to meet a part of their emission reduction commitments under the Kyoto Protocol [1] by financing Reforestation and Afforestation activities (AR) in developing countries through the clean development mechanism [2]. The maximum amount of commitments that can be met through AR activities in developing countries is.

Potential AR-CDM project developers in tropical countries will require, among other things, full access to relevant information and capacity-building programs for the design of project activities.

To help them in this, in late ITTO initiated a project (Building capacity to develop and implement afforestation and reforestation projects under. Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees (forestation) in an area where there was no previous tree cover.

Many government and non-governmental organizations directly engage in programs of afforestation to create forests, increase carbon capture.

Sometimes special tools, such as a tree planting bar, are used to make planting of trees easier and faster. Forecasted/reported afforestation programs: 1. Mediterranean countries: Spain: Mha of afforestation in marginal lands over 30 years - Italy: intention to include natural succession for KP (potential of 3 Mt CO2 eq.) - Portugal: from the s to constant afforestation rate reported ( ha/yr since )File Size: KB.

Afforestation and reforestation activities enjoy high attention at the policy agenda as measures for carbon sequestration in order to mitigate climate Industrialised European countries committed themselves to re- Afforestation and Reforestation for Climate Change Mitigation: Potentials for Pan-European Size: KB.

Afforestation and reforestation (A/R) methodologies approved by the CDM Executive Board All approved methodologies for large scale A/R CDM projects are available on this page.

The approved methodologies for small scale A/R projects are published here. Proposed new afforestation and reforestation methodologies under consideration. Afforestation: Policies, Planning and Progress Paperback – 15 Dec In many countries the forest area has rapidly expanded (and in some cases more than doubled) during the present century.

Both the US and Australia are planning widespread tree planting during the course of this decade. The aim of this volume is to provide a comparative. Ecosystem level effects of afforestation and reforestation 4. Effects on biodiversity 5.

Arguments for plantations 6. Political goals of afforestation and reforestation 7. Reforestation problems 8. Afforestation on a global scale 9. Planting techniques Case studies of selected regions and countries China Europe Conclusion.

About Forestry in Northern European countries The Nordic countries Finland, Norway and Sweden, are among the most important producers of forests and forest products in the world. Denmark and Iceland are in the process of intensive reforestation of their land area and where Denmark now have an important outcome from their forestry.

This statistic shows the ten countries with the largest areas of afforestation, as at China had an increase of over million hectares in that year. Grant-aided field afforestation has been an instrument for agricultural production control in Finland since the late s.

Strong regional variations in the intensity of field afforestation activities have occurred in Finland, dependent upon variations in the level and direction of regional and local socioeconomic development, the physical structure of agriculture and the life-cycle stage of Cited by: 4.

Suggested citation: Zandersen, M. and Termansen, M. () TEEB Nordic case: Assessing recreational values of Danish forests to guide national plans for afforestation. In Kettunen et al. Socio-economic importance of ecosystem services in the Nordic Countries. Accordingly, having developed countries fund afforestation in developing countries is regarded as a part of efforts to reduce CO2 emissions.

But afforestation still does not have a clearly defined place in joint implementation (JI) and the clean development mechanism (CDM). AFFORESTATION - authorSTREAM Presentation. PowerPoint Presentation: is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees in an area where there was no forest.

is the artificial establishment of forests by planting or seeding in an area of non- forest land. Afforestation is a special form of agriculture called silviculture.

Afforestation is the commercial planting of trees on land that once had forests e.g. the Highlands of Scotland. Only a few species are grown, they are harvested when they are full grown for timber and making paper.

Helles F, Linddal M () Afforestation experience in the nordic countries. Nord: 15 Agriculture and Forestry Google Scholar Jensen FS () Friluftsliv i det åbne by: 2.

Methods Study region and reforestation programs. The Philippines is one of world's seventeen mega-diverse countries (Mittermeier et al., ) and is one of the world's most threatened biodiversity many other Asian countries, the Philippines lost its forest cover rapidly through heavy logging, upland migration and agricultural expansion over the last Cited by: The study suggests the principles for locating field afforestation in rural landscapes in the scenically most appreciated way.

When drawing conclusions, it must be remembered that this case study involved only two villages in northeastern Finland located in valuable landscape by: aimed to be implemented in developing countries and has direct rele-vance to tropical forests.

It does not have any direct implication for for-ests in the Nordic countries. Nordic forest resources and carbon sinks. The Nordic region, with over 61 million ha of forests, is rich in forest resources. Afforestation-The Need of the Hour. In the early periods of civilizations, large parts of our country were covered with forests.

The increase of the population of our country has led to the shrinking of forest area. The forests which purify air have been cut down and new cities and industries have been established in their place. Aarhus (/ ˈ ɔːr h uː s /, also US: / ˈ ɑːr -/, Danish: [ˈɒːˌhuˀs] ; officially spelled Århus from until 1 January ) is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality.

It is located on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula, in the geographical centre of Denmark, kilometres ( mi) northwest of Copenhagen and kilometres ( mi) north Country: Denmark.

The Nordic countries - Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden - have valuable experience in developing solutions that can reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and save money in the longer. The Danish forest cover is rather low, only about 12%, and yet it is thoroughly documented that the forests are extensively used for recreation.

It is believed, but only rarely documented, that the value of the forest externalities is significant.

The aim of the present research is to quantify the part of these benefits which is reflected in property values for houses close to afforestation Cited by: 1.

regions and countries. Table 1 presents the total land area and land use patterns for the Nordic countries and the United States, based on The World Resources Institute et al. (), data table Land area of the United States is almost 10 times greater than the.

Project title: Technical study for land use mapping, assessment and monitoring of proposed afforestation and reforestation sites Location: Nine coastal and hill districts of Cox’s Bazar, Chittagong, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Barisal, Patuakhali, Barguna, Bhola and Feni Duration: – Project background: The Bangladesh Forest Department and Arannayk Foundation have.

afforestation 1. The establishment of forest by natural succession or by the planting of trees on land where they did not grow formerly. Historically, the act of defining an area of land that henceforth would become subject to forest laws. This regeneration practice has been examined for a number of broadleaved species within a collaborative project including forest researchers from Mississippi, Estonia, and the five Nordic countries.

Results from this work are presented, and conclusions are drawn for forest management and future research and development in this by: 2. Norway has become the first country in the world to commit to zero deforestation.

The Norwegian parliament pledged the government’s public procurement policy will become deforestation-free after Author: Sadie Levy Gale. 8 Nordic-Baltic-Belarus solutions in farming for biodiversity Nordic-Baltic-Belarus solutions in farming for biodiversity yearwhich was pronounced the International Year for Biodiversity and became the year of setting new biodiversity targets at European and global level.

A new target for the post period has been adopted by. Today, Hallormsstaðaskógur covers over hectares and contains over 85 species of tree from over different locations on earth.

The area is particularly beloved by both nature enthusiasts and hikers thanks to the many scenic trails that lead through the woodlands.

All in all, the trails in the forest measure up to 40 kilometres in total. Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been caused partly by unregulated logging and mining, but mostly by the demands made by the subsistence activities of a poor population.

In the east of the country, for example, more than 3 million people live less than a day's walk from Virunga National from the park's forests is used by many of those. Afforestation Statistics. Official afforestation statistics are compiled annually from the Forest Service payment database, called Integrated Forestry Information System (IFORIS).

At the end of each calendar year, those afforested areas that have received the first grant instalment are used to update the afforestation statistics. 'Reforestation' is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands (forestation) that have been depleted, usually through deforestation.

Reforestation can be used to rectify or improve the quality of human life by soaking up pollution and dust from the air, rebuild natural habitats and ecosystems, mitigate global warming since forests facilitate .The selection of afforestation methods is determined by economic considerations and by soil and climatic conditions.

Different methods of sowing, such as broadcasting and drill seeding, are used. Planting stock grown from seeds and obtained from cuttings is used in afforestation.In Poland, the National Program of Afforestation was introduced by the government after World War II, when total area of forests shrank to 20% of country's territory.

Consequently, forested areas of Poland grew year by year, and on Decemforests covered 29% of .